A Panthic Network - Khalsa Press Publication, ISSN: 1930-0107

PANTHIC.org


"ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ ਵਿਰੁੱਧ ਕੁਫ਼ਰ ਤੋਲਣ ਵਾਲੇ, ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬਾਨ ਦੇ ਵਿਰੁੱਧ ਬੋਲਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਨੂੰ ਸੋਧਣਾ ਹਰ ਗੁਰਸਿੱਖ ਦਾ ਫ਼ਰਜ਼ ਹੈ। ਇਹੋ ਜਿਹੇ ਸਿੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਜੇ ਸਰਕਾਰ ਅਤਿਵਾਦੀ ਕਹਿੰਦੀ ਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਮੈਂ ਅਤਿਵਾਦੀ ਹਾਂ।"
- Bhai Ranjit Singh (Jathedar Sri Akal Takht Sahib)

Manmohan Singh Immune As PM, Not As Finance Minister, From Claims Of Sikh killings: US Court

August 20, 2014
Source: Sikhs for Justice

Sikh Genocide - Crimes Against Humanity

WASHINGTON, DC - US District Judge Honorable James Boasberg in the District of Columbia ruled that former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is immune from claims that he supported the genocide of Sikhs during his tenure as head of the country but does not have "head of state immunity" for claims arising from his tenure as Finance Minister of India (1991-1996).

August 19 ruling of Judge Boseberge states that "Defendant Manmohan Singh was, until very recently, the Prime Minister of India. Plaintiffs Sikhs for Justice, a non-profit organization, and Inderjit Singh have brought this suit alleging that the former Prime Minister tortured and killed Indian Sikhs during his time at the helm of that country’s government and, before then, as Finance Minister. The United States, a non-party in this litigation, has filed a Suggestion of Immunity claiming that Singh, as the sitting Prime Minister, is entitled to head-of-state immunity.

Although at the time of that filing, Singh was indeed Prime Minister, he left office three weeks later. Plaintiffs, consequently, counter that Singh is no longer entitled to such immunity. They are only partly correct. Although he is nolonger a head of state, Singh is entitled to residual immunity for acts taken in his official capacity as Prime Minister. Because such residual immunity does not cover actions Singh pursued before taking office, however, the allegations stemming from his time as Finance Minister survive."

US based rights group, "Sikhs for Justice" (SFJ) and Inderjit Singh, claimed in the 2013 suit that as finance minister Manmohan Singh "funded several counter insurgency operations in state of Punjab during the 1990s resulting in more than hundred thousand Sikhs being killed extra- judicially by the security forces". During his tenure as Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh was accused of being complicit in the torture and killing of hundreds of thousands of members of Sikhs and for shielding the perpetrators of Sikhs Genocide.

Judge Boasberg ruled that that U.S. law bars former heads of state from being sued for actions they took while in office, but not for private acts or those taken in prior government posts. However, "while Singh’s alleged acts as Finance Minister are not 'private' per se, they did not occur in the course of his official duties as head of state," Boasberg wrote.

Terming the sustaining of charges against Manmohan Singh in US Court as a ray of hope for the plaintiffs Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, legal advisor to SFJ stated that this is a start of long and uphill battle of making former prime minister accountable for funding "counterinsurgency operations" across India in which hundreds of thousands of Sikhs were kidnapped, murdered and buried in mass graves during 1990s.

Citing the case of Jiang Zemin, the former president of China, in May, the U.S. Department of Justice urged Boasberg to dismiss the entire suit because it was filed when Singh was still a sitting head of state. However, the Judge Boasberg ruled that the cases were distinct because all of the claims against Zemin stemmed from his time as a head of state while the case against Manmohan Singh also includes claims from the time when he was not head of the state (1991-96).

The case against Manmohan Singh was filed by the victims during September 2013 Obama-Singh Summit visit under the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) and Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA).


Comments

 

Disclaimer: Panthic.org does not necessarily endorse the views and opinions voiced in the feedback from our readers, and cannot be held responsible for their views.

Background and Psyche of Anti-Sikh Events of 1984 & the RSS : Video Interview with Bhai Ratinder Singh

Akaal Channel's interview with Panthic.org Senior Editor Bhai Ratinder Singh regarding anti-Sikh events in 1983, and 1984 in Indore Madhya Pardes and the RSS Psyche
Read Full Article


RECENT ARTICLE & FEATURES

ਆਦਿਵਾਸੀ, ਮੂਲ ਨਿਵਾਸੀ ਅਤੇ ਸਿਕਲੀਗਰਾਂ ਦੀ ਭਲਾਈ ਲਈ ਗਲੋਬਲ, ਦਲਿਤ ਅਤੇ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਸਥਾਵਾਂ ! (Part2)

 

ਭਾਰਤ ਇਕ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਦੇਸ਼ ਹੈ ਜਿੱਥੇ ਅਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਤੋਂ ਜਲਦ ਬਾਅਦ ਹੀ ਆਦਿਵਾਸੀਆਂ , ਘੱਟ ਗਿਣਤੀ ਅਤੇ ਦਲਿਤ ਕੌਮਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਹਾਸ਼ੀਏ ਤੋਂ ਹੋਰ ਪਿਛਾਂਹ ਧੱਕਣ ਦੀ ਕੋਸ਼ਿਸ਼ ਲਗਾਤਾਰ ਜਾਰੀ ਹੈ । ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਲਈ ਬਣਾਈਆਂ ਬਹੁਤ ਸਾਰੀਆਂ ਭਲਾਈ ਸਕੀਮਾਂ ਕੇਵਲ ਦਫ਼ਤਰੀ ਕਾਗਜ਼ਾਂ ਤੱਕ ਹੀ ਸੀਮਤ ਹਨ ਅਤੇ ਇਹੋ ਕਾਰਨ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਸਰਕਾਰੀ ਰਿਕਾਰਡ ਜੋ ਨਤੀਜ਼ੇ ਦੱਸਦੇ ਹਨ ਉਹ ਨਤੀਜੇ ਸਮਾਜਿਕ ਪੱਧਰ 'ਤੇ ਨਜ਼ਰ ਨਹੀਂ ਆਉਂਦੇ । ...

Read Full Article

ਸਿਕਲੀਗਰ ! ਸਿੱਖ ਕੌਮ ਦਾ ਅਟੁੱਟ ਅੰਗ (Part1)

 

An in-depth analysis by Sardar Gurdarshan Singh Khalsa on the isolated Sikligar Sikh community, their unique background dating back to Guru Sahiban's period, and the current struggles they face across Hindu dominated India. ...

Read Full Article

ਬਚਿਤ੍ਰ ਨਾਟਕ

 

ਨਾਟਕ ਸਦਾ ਹੀ ਰਮਜ਼ ਵਾਲੀ ਘਟਨਾ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਬੇਅੰਤ ਨਾਟਕ ਦੇਖੇ। ਆਪ ਨੇ ਅਨੰਤ ਸਮੇਂ ਵਿਚ ਨਾਟਕ ਬ੍ਰਿਤਾਂਤ ਵੇਖੇ। ਆਪ ਨੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਹੋ-ਵਾਪਰ ਚੁੱਕੇ- ਬੇਅੰਤ ਯੁਗਾਂ ਦੇ ਨਾਟਕ ਦੇਖੇ ਅਤੇ ਅੱਗੋਂ ਆਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਵੀ ਕਈ ਨਾਟਕ ਵੇਖੇ। ਆਪ ਨੇ ਆਤਮ-ਕਥਾ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਨਾਟਕ ਦੇ ਰੂਪ ਵਿਚ ਹੀ ਵੇਖਿਆ। ਪਰ ਇਸ ਸਭ ਕੁਝ ਨੂੰ ਆਪ ਨੇ ਬਚਿੱਤ੍ਰ ਨਾਟਕ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਤੇ ਵੇਖਿਆ। ਆਪ ਨੇ ਜੀਵਨ-ਸਾਰ ਨੂੰ 'ਬਚਿੱਤ੍ਰ-ਨਾਟਕ' ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਦਿੱਤਾ।...

Read Full Article

Amrit-Sanchar Maryada Violation: Worldwide Condemnation and Boycott of the Ragi Darshan Lobby

 

Representatives of Sikh organizations across North America and Europe strongly condemned the blasphemous acts committed by the followers of excommunicated heretic Ragi Darshan Sinh at the Gurdwara Sikh Sangat of Virginia who altered the sacred 'Khanday-ki-Pahul' ceremony and Ardaas. ...

Read Full Article

Two Sikhs Killed by Punjab Police - Scores of Protesters Brutally Attacked and Detained

 

At least two Sikhs were were killed and scores injured on Wednesday in bloody clashes between Sikhs protesting against the desecration of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji and police near Kotkapura town in Punjab’s Faridkot district....

Read Full Article

Sikh Leaders Reject Treacherous 'Pardon' of Sirsa Cultist - Jathedar Bhai Ranjit Singh Warns Gurbachan Singh

 

The Sikh community expressed their displeasure over the pardoning of Dera Sacha Sauda head Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh by Akal Takht, the highest temporal seat of the Sikh religion, calling the move 'politically motivated' as well as a “betrayal with Sikh community”....

Read Full Article

US Court Summons Served on Manjit GK, DSGMC President Amid Commotion

 

Amidst high drama marred by death threats and acts of violence by SAD (Badal) members, “Flash Point Investigators” (FPI) a New York based private investigator firm Served US Federal Court Summons on Manjit Singh G.K., President DSGMC....

Read Full Article

31 Years Later the Carnage Continues : Jammu Sikh Youth Killed in Cold-blood by Indian Police

 

A Sikh resident of Jammu Valley was shot in the head and killed by the Indian Police in cold-blood during a peaceful protest against the removal of posters depicting an image of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Dozens of others protestors were reportedly injured during a clash between the Police and protesters....

Read Full Article

Shaheed Bhai Satwant Singh's Father Sardar Tarlok Singh Passes Away

 

Sardar Tarlok Singh, the respected father of the Mahan-Shaheed Bhai Satwant Singh, who along with Bhai Beant Singh and Bhai Kehar Singh, were responsible for bringing the Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to justice, passed away at a hospital in Amritsar due to health related complications....

Read Full Article